Maths in EYFS
Maths and the EYFS
Maths is one of the four specific areas within the EARLY YEARS FOUNDATION STAGE (EYFS)
Each specific area is divided into Early Learning Goals, for maths these are:
- Numbers - children learn to count and the value of numbers, higher and lower. These skills support them to solve problems, use money and calculate more and less.
- Shape, Space and Measures - these skills support children to understand size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money and compare quantities, objects and solve problems .
As with all other areas of learning, the teaching and learning of mathematics in our EYFS takes place both inside and outside through a wide range of practical and "hands on" activities.
Teachers use their knowledge and expertise to plan for a high quality leaning environment which provides children with lots of opportunities to explore different aspects of number and shape, space and measures and learn new concepts. The children have a wide range of continuous provision to support mathematical play. For example, children may learn about capacity through their water play, both indoors and outdoors. In addition to the opportunities for child initiated play, staff also plan adult led activities for groups of children and individuals based on their observations of what children know and can do. They plan activities to address any misconceptions that have arisen and to introduce new concepts.
Through adult led activities the children are introduced to an range of visual representations to help them understand a concept.
We use Numicon as a concrete resource to teach number and place value. Numicon helps children to visualise numbers. The different coloured Numicon shapes represent different numbers. Numicon is multi-sensory. Children can touch as well as see the numbers, from this visual picture they are able to see how we can add, subtract, multiply and divide numbers and the relationship between them. Numicon allows children to 'see' number, make connections, see patterns and show what they are explaining giving children a deeper understanding of number.
We introduce visual representations;
Part, part whole
ACTIVITIES FOR YOU AND YOUR CHILD AT HOME:
The following section is designed to get your child thinking about mathematics and problem solving. It contains a range of practical ideas which you can easily try in your home and when you are out and about.
Numbers and Counting
- Look at numbers on birthday cards.
- Count the numbers on a clock face.
- Play games involving numbers such as snakes and ladders, dominoes.
- Look at numbers in the environment such as front door numbers, buses, football shirts, tickets.
- On car journeys, count how many Lorries or red cars you can see etc.
Shape, Space and Measures
- Discuss and name the shapes of the boxes and tins when unpacking the shopping.
- Baking- measure out the ingredients and read the numbers on the recipe, scales and jug.
- Compare the weight of two items in your cupboard. Which one is the heaviest?
- Compare the length of two carrots. Who has the longest? Who has the shortest carrot?
- Sort the knives, forks and spoons in the cutlery drawer. Lay the table in the correct order.
- Buy a packet of sweets containing different colours and sort them by colour or size.
ALWAYS REMEMBER THAT MATHS SHOULD BE FUN AND ENJOYABLE!